A

Banks and Money

In the main towns, Waingapu, Melolo,Waikabubak and Waitabula, there are now ATM machines. With credit cards or debit cards you can get cash 24 hours a day. European Cashpool or Vpay cards work at least only in Bali. BNI and Mandiri give you most.

BRI and NTT banks spit out less or nothing. It happens that after a transaction at these banks the card gets disabled.

Before leaving one of the bigger towns it is important to change these bills into smaller denominations as there is little or no change in the villages.

Electricity and Sunday Rest

In Sumba, the day begins with sunrise after 5 o’clock; this is due to the time zones that are more aligned with the central region of Indonesia. After sunset, about 17 o’clock, one can only hope that there is enough fuel for generators and people use electricity sparingly. In the evening you should always carry a flashlight. After 10pm the day is over.

Because of the widespread introduction of solar power lights, generators are put on less often. For your electric equipment you need a charger with a USB plug now. These plugs fit into solar installations.

AAA batteries are seldom available in Sumba.

On Sunday, more than a quarter of the population of Sumba is in church, shops are closed, and you get nothing.

Phone and Mobile Phone

In addition to the Indonesian calling code +62 the code for landlines is 0387. So the total code is +62387.

In many villages there were satellite phone stations, especially in areas without mobile phone reception. They are gradually dying out because cell phone reception has improved and everyone has a cell phone. The blue signs Telkomsel +- km means meanwhile mostly that there should be the best cell phone reception.

The Simpati or Kartu As card in the version "Area Bali Nusra" is the only mobile phone network that has a relatively good coverage in Sumba. All other networks do not work. In remote areas, in the mountains, and especially in the south also the Kartu As fails. Tip: try to ring up at night or different types of weather. Or ask locals for a "pohon telekomunikasi / tempat telekomunikasi".

You should fill up your mobile phone Pulsa in town, because you can only get tiny Pulsa denominations in the country. Please buy Pulsa Hp and no Pulsa Listrik - this is for electricity.

Internet and Post

In many sub-districts of Sumba, there are now local internet centres (Pusat layanan internet kecamatan). You recognize them by the blue signs with a globe and magnifying glass. Normally such a sign does not mean that the technology is actually already in place and functioning.

In Waingapu there is an Internet shop at the central park at Jl. Ahmad Yani (Humba Hamu). In Waikabubak there is a public WiFi place at the telephone mast and an internet shop next to the central mosque. In Waitabula there is an internet station in the Kolping House opposite the cathedral, and one next to the Sinar Tambolaka Hotel. Things are changing rapidly. In major hotels and restaurants, there might be already WiFi. Please look at yourself, where you get "WiFi Koneksi".

Letters I sent from Sumba to Germany always arrived - vice versa not always. A registered letter raises the chance of arriving. If you want to write to people in the country, you should ask for an address in town as there is no reliable postal delivery available in the country. When you see many people waiting in the Kantor Pos, it is probably due to salary and pension payday, and then you should just come back next day.

Insects and Illnesses

You get Malaria every few years – that is what I've often heard in Sumba. CRM and DTG recommend permanent malaria medication.

Malarone or Atovaquon are the standard medication. It is reimbursed by some health insurance companies (in Germany). In some countries cheaper competing products with the same ingredients are available such as Malaprotec. On the Internet and in Asia Malarone is offered but it is often faked. If you take Malarone over an extended period, it may reduce the number of red blood cells, other side effects are described in the instructions ... You should never take Malarone for more than 4 weeks.

The cheaper alternative is Doxycyclin. This drug may have the unfortunate side effect that you become sensitive to sunlight.

Since January 2013, the new malaria medicine Eurartesim is available. It does not only cure people but also acts against the resistance of pathogens. So you get cured without affecting other people. But it has also significant side effects and is therefore not recommended by CRM.

Shamans and development workers in Sumba swear on Sambiloto (Latin: Andrographis Paniculata) a medicinal herb that is also applied clinically.

In PUSKESMAS health centres in Sumba malaria can be diagnosed quickly. They treat it with a Chinese medicine.

My recommendation: take Doxycyclin permanently if you can stand it and keep malaria rapid tests and Malarone for emergency cases.

There is no medicine against Dengue Fever. Vaccination against it, it will probably be available soon. You can recognize the mosquitoes - the "Asian Tiger Mosquito" - which can transmit the disease, by their exceptional size and black and white striped body and legs. Dengue fever is less common in Sumba than in Bali. Mostly it occurs as an epidemic around monsoon time, especially in the southwest. At 95%, the course is similar to influenza. At 5%, there is a critical clinical course, and untreated it can lead to death. As a precaution foreigners are often sent for treatment to Bali.

You can detect dengue fever with a simple self-test: constrict your upper arm for 5 minutes, than open and look in the elbow - if red spots appear, it is 90% dengue (From: Stefan Loose Travel Guide).

While the malaria mosquitoes bite only at night, dengue mosquitoes bite around the clock. You have mosquitoes not only during monsoon season, but also in dry season especially near mangrove areas, stagnant water, trash, and irrigation systems. You should not only rely on the efficacy of drugs, but first above all, spray with a mosquito repellent. Antibrumm-Forte and Nobite were the best in test.

In open accommodation you must sleep with a mosquito net. Don't just bring the net, but also enough rope to fix it to somewhere.

Head lice are everywhere in the country. However, not every woman who dealt with the hair of another does it because of head lice. Mostly she is only plucking grey hair. At night a silk sleeping bag with a cover around the pillow provides protection against head lice.

Sand fleas are annoying especially at beaches, near brackish water, and river mouths.

Leeches are common in wet jungle areas in Sumba. They fall off as soon as they get in contact with some mosquito spray which they do not like.

Security

Those who travel in such a remote area must be aware that there may be little help in emergencies. You have to take care of yourself.

When you see locals sitting on roofs of buses without being able to hold tight, you have to realize that we "Orang Bule" apparently do have a different understanding of security. From this aspect questions according safety purposes have to be put into perspective.

A well-stocked first aid kit is needed which contains everything that you cannot get in Sumba. These include: antibiotics for acute cases, antibiotic cream in case of injuries, healing and iodine ointment, gastrointestinal agents, malaria rapid test, anti malaria pills, anti eye irritations, mosquito repellent, painkillers (! No Aspirin), tape for tying, waterproof plaster...

For personal safety and if you track through the country alone, you should note the following:

There are many stray dogs that might have rabies and may bite. It is therefore quite common to arm yourself with a stick.

There are wild boars in mountains and forests in the south. Therefore make frequent stops and look for droppings and trampled ground.

Snakes are rarer than elsewhere in Southeast Asia. By the way, they live not only on the ground. They usually flee if they sense steps in their habitat. The green snakes are deadly poisonous. In the dry areas there are pythons, but they are not so big, that they are dangerous for adults.

In wetlands, in non-fast-flowing rivers, and especially at river mouths all around Sumba definitely live crocodiles. I mentioned specific information on risk areas in the text. Accidents happen apparently only if you disturb the habitat of the crocodiles. They do not attack people self-paced. The recent reports of accidents were related to people who were fishing, planting seaweed and harvest water spinach. The rumours that Australian Alligators stay in Sumba are not proved. Anyway, you should not bathe near estuaries and mangrove areas. You should cross rivers only at a clear point. Anyone who has concerns, please research on the Internet under the search word "Buaya Sumba".

Crime

I've heard nothing about crime against tourists. Tourists are rare and sometimes behave differently to what people of Sumba are used to. This is often a cause of misunderstanding. As a guest it is important to develop a sense of what you may do and may not do - especially concerning the Marapu faith.

Things which we bring with us, and which are known from advertising in television, surely arouse certain desires. Perhaps we should leave things with famous brand names at home.

People in East Sumba say that there is much more crime in West Sumba. At least the tone among the people and with foreigners sounds less friendly, sometimes perhaps too direct, which is interpreted as aggressive. This is especially true for Kodi, the poorest district of the island.

Among themselves they are still very aggressive.

The age of head-hunting is over less than 100 years. As I said before, there are still ethnic clashes. People burn down houses of the neighbouring district, steal cattle, and commit murder. On the personal level there are often motives like envy, jealousy, and pride.

An "accident" at a Tarik Batu ceremony in Pau in 1958, where about 50 people were killed, is still unclear.

Some people steal gold and valuables from funerary objects in megalithic tombs. Supposedly there are Balinese in Sumba who open graves with car jacks and winches. It is a rumour, that rich Balinese instigate people from Sumba to steal to order, mainly megalithic statues. (cf. theft because of bride price under Social Structures and chapter History).

Diving, Snorkelling,Surfing, Cycling

This website doesn't sort the world according to sports. Please check on your own websites. Nevertheless, here are some pointers:

Diving and Snorkelling: The only dive centre in Sumba is in the noble Nihiwatu resort. They dive at the south coast.
You can snorkel at different places: In the north and northwest of Sumba the underwater world is not really interesting.
Along the east coast, during calm weather and near beaches are many smaller snorkelling areas (Kambera, Nusa, Benda, Kalala, ...). Unfortunately, the increasing of seaweed cultivation makes the water dull and fishes move away.
In the south the waves are usually too high. However, if the sea is relatively quiet from November to April, the south coast is quite attractive. The marine population is not nearly as varied as in Alor and Flores, but also different and very colourful.
You have to be aware of dangers of waves and currents - there is no speedboat that comes to help you.

Surfing and kite surfing: You have excellent websites describing the particular spots, better than I can. Outside the in the text mentioned places and times there are no surfers there and appropriate accommodations are mostly empty.

Fishing: More and more Indonesians do "puncing" = fishing. Especially from Waingapu or the fishing villages in the East they rent boats for fishing. So just ask locals whether somebody takes you along.

Bicycle: ... is only possible with mountain bikes on side roads, some dare to undergo such Tortures.

Birdwatchers: ... will find interesting observation places also outside the known areas. In the main street of Waibakul there is an information center of center of "Burung Indonesia".

Cave Carvers: Anywhere in Sumba there are limestone caves. Most are unexplored. Only those which are easily accessible are used by locals. Near Lombu are caves where early humans lived. Caves near Kodi often contain drinking water. There are water-solar projects through which this water is conducted to villages.

Tour Provider and Nice People

My personal experience is that it does not depend on the name of an organization, with which you do a tour, but on the experience of your guide. Sumba is small, everyone knows someone who has special information, where something is just going on. Take your guides in the duty, say what you want to see, otherwise they show you what the mainstream tourist always gets to see. To accompany tourists is a job that brings a lot of money but also many opportunities for both sides. Here is an alphabetical list of references:

Andreas lives in Waingapu. He is guide since 25 years and speaks good English – as well as several Sumba languages. He guides you mainly to east Sumba. Phone: 085238379579

Anselmus lives in Waitabula. He is English teacher. He leads you competently through West Sumba. Students are always happy when he's gone again ... Phone: 081337064256

Anto (Adryanto) Konda Tana works in Lewa and his second job is being a guide. He speaks English fluently, is a diligent scooter driver, nice und humorous. His speciality is Lewa, the south coast, and East Sumba. Phone: 085303870525; Email: oceania_tour@yahoo.com. His website http://www.tarimbang.com/ is not up to date

Budiyanto Karwelo looks after birdwatchers to the Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park. He lives in Lewa, provides information and can probably help you to find a guide. He speaks German and English. Phone: 081333142496; Email: b_karwelo@yahoo.de.

Hugo Dalupe runs the ticket office Bilbo Tour & Travel next to the Matahari Shop in Waitabula. He speaks good English and is very flexible in the tour design. Phone: 081239753616; Email: info@tour-sumba.com. He has just published his Website www.tour-sumba.com (still not all in English). It contains well-designed tour suggestions.

Jhon (Yohannes Lende Dangga) speaks good English and drives you around with his car anywhere, but preferably in West Sumba. He lives east of Waitabula. Phone: 081337479988; Email: guidesumba@gmail.com.

Philipus Renggi is the boss of Sumba Adventure Tours and Travel. He and his team drive you preferably with cars but also with motorcycles to all corners of the island. Not cheap but competent and flexible. Not cheap but competent, helpful and flexible. He is based in Tambolaka. Some of the guides mentioned herein work also for him. Phone: 081337107845 or 038721727; Email: sumbaadventure@yahoo.com.

Sony Radjah and his big family lives in Melolo. He often takes tourists, speaks very good English and is well informed, especially about the Savu population in East Sumba. He is involved in social institutions. Since 2016 he works for the weaver's cooperative in front of his house.  If you want to live there, you should book well in advance. Phone: 085239238950; Email: sabrina.gloria69@yahoo.com and www.facebook.com/sony.radjah.

Timo (Timotheus) is the good spirit of Artha Hotel in Waikabubak. When he has time, he will competently lead you around the Waikabubak area. Phone: 085253253980.

Yuli (Yuliana Leda Tara) speaks English and French. She leads you by car, motorcycle or maybe by horse competently to every corner of the island and is super informed on all regional issues. She and her family lives in the traditional Marapu village Tarung in Waikabubak. If you want to stay there, you should book a long time in advance. Phone: 082236216297; Email: yuli.sumba@gmail.com.